Occurrence, isolation & synthesis

Bluish-white, silvery, lustrous, grey, metal, that is soft, ductile and malleable [7].


In nature, lead is found in the Earth's crust, ~20 ppm, in minerals such as galena (primary source of lead), anglesite, cerussite, mimetite and pyromorphite [7]. The isotopes found in nature are 204Pb (1.40 %, stable), 206Pb (25.2 %, stable), 207Pb (21.7 %, stable) and 208Pb (51.7 %, stable), [7].

In pure solid form, Lead exist in a face-centered cubic crystal structure [2].